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Functions Of A Shul

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Resource Type: Shiur in: English
Age: 16-18
Group Size: 5-30
Estimated Time: 90 minutes

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Resource Goal
Learn the functions of a shulthrough the use of the Rambam and his commentries and to learn the differences and similarities between a shul and the Beit Hamikdash.

Required Props & Materials

Source sheet with the following sources:

Rambam Tefilah Chapter 11

Tefillah bezibor (halacha 1)

Reading the torah (halachot 1-3,10,14)

Speeches (halacha 3)

Eulogy (halacha 7)

There are halachot which teach us how to behave in the Shul (halachot 5,6,7,8 11)

There are similarities between a shul and Bet HaMikdash (Halachot 2,11)


Resource Contents

Functions of a Shul

By: Aviad Tabory

Discuss

Ask the chanichim these questions:

When did we start having shuls? (Already in the times of Second Temple there was a shul not far from the Temple. This leads to another question :)

What are the differences between Beit HaMikdash and a shul? What are the similarities?

What are the functions of a shul?

I s a shul holy? If so, what creates this holiness?

How should one behave in a shul if it is holy?

Chevruta

Have the chanichim prepare:

Rambam Tefilah Chapter 11

Questions and Issues to Think About

Functions of a shul

Compare the shul to the Beit HaMikdash

Learn

Read the Rambam together with chanichim. Notice and sum up the following:

The functions of a shul are:

Tefillah bezibor (halacha 1)

Reading the torah (halachot 1-3,10,14)

Speeches (halacha 3)

Eulogy (halacha 7)

There are halachot which teach us how to behave in the Shul (halachot 5,6,7,8 11)

There are similarities between a shul and Bet HaMikdash (Halachot 2,11)



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