Kibbutz Galuyot--ethiopian Aliyah - ÷éáåõ âìåéåú - äòìéä îàúéåôéä
Group Size: 20-45
Estimated Time: 75 minutes
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To teach about the struggles of the Ethiopian Aliya, and a little about Aliya in general.
Strips of paper for the stations, map of Beit Knesset showing where stations are located.
Written By: Aaron Greenberg, Leon Covitz, Nehama Weingarten, Eric Weisberg, Michael & Esther Goldberg, Josh Skarf
Goals: To teach about the struggles of the Ethiopian Aliya, and a little about Aliya in general.
Materials: Strips of paper for the stations, map of Beit Knesset showing where stations are located.
Age: Chevraya Aleph
Suitable for Shabbat (requires prior preparation)
Background: The Jewish community in
The Beta Yisrael observe all the laws mentioned in the written Torah, such as Shechita and Shabbat, but until recently were not familiar with the Mishna or the Talmud. Their Tanach is written in “Geez”, an ancient Ethiopian language, and only upon their arrival in
As early as 1921, Rav Kook wrote of the need to save these Jews from persecution, but little action was taken. Finally, in 1985, as the Beta Yisrael suffered the effects of civil war and famine in
Game 1: Choose your Own Adventure
This game is a role playing game. Please cut out the cards and make multiple copies of each. Place them in various stations around the Beit Knesset. Make some sort of map to show where each station is. (you can use the map of
It is the late 70’s. You are an Ethiopian Jew, part of Beta
You have been back in your village for three weeks regaining your strength. Now you and your family have decided to leave
You have been walking for a couple of days in the hot desert sun. You have an opportunity to get a guide who says he will lead you to
Should you send your guide to a nearby village hoping he will return (please go to STATION #3)
You have decided to trust the guide. You give him money to buy food for you and your family. Your guide comes back with food but much less than you expected. You begin to worry that he is only as trustworthy as the amount of money you have. You want to abandon the guide, but the road is getting harder, and the guide knows the best path to
Do you continue wit the guide (please go to STATION #5)
Having left the guide behind, you send one son and one daughter from your family to a nearby village to buy food. The children are nervous. As they pay a villager for some food, he realizes that they are Falashas. The villager begins to throw stones and scream “Buda, buda, get out of here.” He drives them out of the village.
Continue to STATION #16
Do you go back to your village (please go to STATION #1a)
As you are walking, you and your family meet up with other Falashas. They ask you if you would like to join their group. There are advantages and disadvantages to joining them. Joining them would provide you with more provisions (food, guides, etc.) and they know the path better then you, and you would have a smaller chance of getting lost. On the other hand, being in a larger group may slow you down and there is a greater risk of being caught.
Do you take them up on their offer and continue with them (please go to STATION #7)
You continue with the other group. You are worried because food is scarce. But the other Falashas know where food has been hidden. They tell you that the food was placed there by the Mossad. You are happy that other Jews are concerned and looking out for you.
After traveling for three weeks and three hundred miles on foot, you finally reach the Sudanese refugee camp. You and your family are sick from eating so little during your travels, but you are happy to be so much closer to fulfilling the prophecies, so much closer to
Do you pretend that you are not from Beta
You are happy that you have admitted to being from Beta Israel. There are many other Falashas in the camp who are waiting to go to Jerusalem as well. Every day you pray that this will be the day that God takes you to Israel. The refugee camp is filled with people and there is little food. Water must be brought in by donkey because there is no well in the Falasha section of the camp. Many people have died because this water carries germs and has infected many of those who were already weak.
You hear about a plan by a French volunteer, Concolato, to take Falasha to Jerusalem. He is planning to airflift Jews from Khartoum, but in order to go there you need special authorization from the Amnul Dawla, the Sudanese State Security. Concolato is planning on sneaking Jews across.
Do you go with Concolato, risking being sent back to the camp or imprisoned (please go to STATION #12)
You have decided to pretend that you are not a Jew but rather a regular refugee. As such you see that leaving the Sudan is going to be very difficult. Every country has some sort or requirement for immigrants and so far you have not met any of them. All around you people are starving and many have died. You and your family wonder if identifying yourselves as Jews would have been better. It seems that your dream of walking to Jerusalem has been halted.
You have decided to go along with Concolato’s plan, despite the risks. While there were some tense moments on the bus to Khartoum, you and your family made it safely. Before you, you see something out of the Orit, the Torah. You realize that your dream, to go on the wings of eagles to Jerusalem is coming true. As you board the plane with your family you think “L’Shana Habaah b’Yerushalayim…” You are witnessing the beginning of the redemption of Am Israel, through your own actions.
You have decided to go with the Mossad group to Jerusalem. You are lucky; they are successful. As you enter the plane, which will take you to Israel, you think about what the elders have taught, of flying to Jerusalem on the wings of eagles. You know that when you land you will be in Israel and will learn about your new life in the land of the Jews.
The daughter is hit by the rocks. She has lost a lot of blood, and the son carries her back to your family. Your family has little food left, and now an injured daughter.
Do you wait till she regains strength and then continue (please go to STATION #17)
You decide to continue, supporting your injured, but the burden is heavy. You continue walking, through the desert to Sudan. One day, as you are walking you meet up with another group of travelers. They are also Falashas, and they ask you if you would like to travel with them.
You and your family weigh the pluses and minuses of doing so. If you travel with more people, it is less likely that the shiftas, robbers, will attack your group. But it is also more likely that you will be spotted by the government and that could mean serious trouble for you, since it is illegal to try and reach “racist Israel.” And there is also the danger that your boys will be conscripted into the army.
Have a game prepared for those who finish more quickly, to take up time while the others are completing the game. This game should take up a large amount of the time in snif.
Game 2: Red Light, Green Light
All Chanichim line up on one side of the room. One person is IT and goes to the other side. He faces away from the group and says “Red light, green light, 1,2,3” and then turns around. Meanwhile, all the others are trying to approach IT with the eventual goal of tagging him/her. However, if when IT turns around, s/he sees someone moving, that person must return to the wall and begin again
Explanation: In this game, there is a LAW OF RETURN- if you get caught, you go back to the beginning. Israel has its own Law of Return – any Jew may return to Israel and instantly become an Israeli citizen. In America, you must wait at least 5 years to become a citizen. But in Israel, any Jew can move there and instantly become a citizen. That is because it is our homeland, no matter where we are. Israel was created to give all Jews a homeland and a place where they could be safe.
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